There are many steps that go into building a home. There are a few KEY steps that can make a big difference in your gas and electric bills. Some of the things to look when building a energy efficient home are:
Low-E Windows: The “E” stand for emissivity, and the thin metal coating applied to Low-E windows will allow light in but lessens the effect of the suns heat. They add energy efficiency in both hot and cold seasons, keeping heat out during the summer and in during the winter.
Heating and Cooling: Make sure that your home has the right size air conditions and heating systems. The performance and efficiency of these units will greatly enhance the efficiency and comfort of your home. If your systems are too small or too large, they will operate less efficiently, thereby increasing heating/cooling bills!
Insulation: Not all insulation is the same and even the same insulation will not perform the same if not installed properly. The days off batt style fiberglass insulation are in the past. For a quieter and more energy efficient home use blown cellulose or even blown-in foam. They cost more but they will pay for themselves quickly in reduced energy bills.
Lighting: It is important to make sure that as many hard-wired lights as possible are compact fluorescent lights (CFL’s) in order to reduce energy consumption. Keep unnecessary lighting unplugged and turned off when not in use. Use dimmers to reduce watt usage.
Appliances: When purchasing appliances, always look for the ENERGY STAR rated appliances. These products meet strict guidelines approved by the EPA and other agencies, and often use 10-50 percent less energy and water than other models.
By incorporating the above products you will be saving money and saving the environment at the same time through energy efficient construction.