It is a common belief among many of us that acne is just a skin disorder and affects only people who are in their teens. But what they don't know is a large group of adults also experience this skin problem which is called adult acne. This skin condition may be due to hormonal changes, diet, and stress or a combination of all the three factors. It also causes major dermatological changes in the adult's skin as they age.
Research studies indicate that major acne problem may raise suicide risk among adults suffering from acne. Acne is implicated in physical and psychological processes more than most other skin conditions. The psychological effects of acne are quite difficult to diagnose because of the misconceptions that normally surround them. Now-a days, due to the continued research on the psychological issues of acne, more care is driven on that aspect of adult acne.
The Physical Aspects of Acne on Adults:
Dermatologists say that acne can leave behind permanent scars. The physical effects of acne will be more serious than the acne one gets in their adult stages. This is due to the fact that, as one tends to become older their skin loses collagen and makes it harder for the skin to repair the broken tissues. Finally, it could leave permanent scars and blemishes that can lead to physical and emotional and even social effects on individuals who are suffering from it.
The physical appearance of adult acne may vary widely. Sometimes it is confined to only comedones, which are often called whiteheads and blackheads and exist only on the skin surface. But acne in adults can also include deeper lesions like cysts and nodules that usually lie beneath the surface of the skin.
Deeper skin lesions tend to be more painful and sometimes filled with pus. Adults often feel very awkward when having acne. Since the flare-ups of acne in adults are not predictable, it is quite often very difficult to control the situation. So, because of the causes and effects that it has on adults, the research on acne skin conditions in adults has increased tremendously during the recent years.
The Psychological Aspects of Acne on Adults:
The psychological effects that acne has on adults are more serious as well as very difficult to deal with. This is because; the present condition of adults may make them resistant to drugs and treatments or the social stigma is greater for them. The several aspects of the acne like the distribution of spots on the skin, social pressures, age and misconceptions contribute to the psychological effects of acne in adults.
These psychological issues should be controlled in the initial stage itself or otherwise it may lead to some untoward complications. This is because; psychological problems may increase the production of unwanted toxic materials as well as increase the secretion of other hormones.
A research done published by Dermatology Online Journal claims that around 30 percent of the people suffering from adult acne believe that it was caused by poor hygiene habits and this led to the feeling of embarrassment, shame and guilt.
Research studies have shown that the psychological effects of acne in adults can lead to anxiety, depression, inferiority complex, hesitation, body image, social anxiety, manifest their anger inward / outward, eating disorders, frustration, feeling of inadequacy as well as suicidal tendencies . This is due to the effect of acne that makes them feel ugly and gives them an undesirable external appearance. The self-confidence of an adult may reduce considerably when faced with adult acne.
They may not able to excel in their activities as its is a proven fact that attractive people are always promoted compared to their less attractive peers. A high level of confidence translates to success in the workplace. Failures in the workplace might further deteriorate their self-confidence and self-esteem, and also increase their levels of stress.
This feeling of low self-confidence and low self-esteem may remain long after the acne is gone. The most common psychological effect that acne has on individuals is depression and anxiety. But studies show that the severity of acne in adults has tremendous effect on the level of depression or anxiety.
The signs of depression and anxiety with individuals suffering from acne should be monitored very closely. Signs of depression may include mood swings, fatigue, feeling of guilt, sleep disturbances, weight loss or gain, psychomotor agitation or retardation, thoughts of suicide or death. Social withdrawal is another common psychological effect that adult acne has on individuals.
The reason is that, in today's world the importance of external appearance is greatly emphasized. So, it is very typical that a person having acne to feel uncomfortable or embarrassed. Also, acne on the face may provoke cruel scoffs from other people. This results in difficulty in developing new relationships, especially with opposite gender.
They will be more introverted, find difficulty in making eye contact while communicating and withdraw themselves from the society. In some cases of chronic acne conditions, it may also cause social phobia. Also, acne in adults greatly influence the decision-making process.
Acne skin problem in adults not only affects their skin but also their entire life. It leaves behind both physical as well as psychological effects on the individual. The physical and psychological influence of acne on an adult's life may be quite difficult to understand by a normal person.
The psychological implication of acne on adults is very important and its effect should be well-considered before giving any treatment. The recent researches made of adult acne makes it possible for adults to get more information on its causes as well as its effects on individuals. This increased awareness helps individuals to come out and get treated for their condition very quickly.
Major acne problem may raise suicide risk in people suffering from chronic as well as long-lasting acne. In such conditions Psychological help could be of a great help to them. Support systems also provide great support in driving out the feeling of hopelessness, loneliness and isolation for individuals who suffer from adult acne.