Autism, a common disorder, is a severely incapacitating life-long developmental disorder that generally takes place in the first three years of life. It causes malfunctioning in social and communicative skills, and in their repetitive and restricted disorders.
Autistic individuals deal abnormally with people, events and objects in the environment.
An autistic person has a normal IQ, attends school and holds a job. The difficulty lies in that he cannot mix with other people or express himself. Some children do not even develop speech. Behavior varies from one Autistic person to another. Autism cannot be prevented and is incurable.
Amphetamine is a psycho-stimulant drug used to suppress appetite, control weight and treat certain psychotic disorders. The amphetamine group of drugs is used to treat a wide variety of psychotic conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) in both adults and children. The original and most popular use of amphetamine was in the treatment of obesity by diminishing the appetite as a tool to control weight.
Amphetamines are absorbed by the small intestine. The peak plasma concentration occurs in 2 hours after ingesting it. Absorption is normally complete within 4 hours. Amphetamine metabolites are excreted in the urine. The general effects are variable and are determined by a number of factors.
It is believed that certain amphetamines help an autistic person structure his or her thoughts in a more organized manner. This is particularly so in one form of Autistic spectrum disorder known as Aspergers syndrome. This is the experience of some individuals who have tried amphetamine illegally.
The following prescription amphetamines have been approved for use with autistic children. They go by the name of Adderall and Adderall XR.
Effects on child growth
There is evidence that amphetamine use to treat ADHD could slow growth in children. Minor effects on the cardiovascular system, including a rise in heart rate and blood pressure, may have long-term effects.
However, some studies show that any reduction in growth speed may be caught up by a “growth rebound” once the drug has stopped being taken.
More studies are needed to confirm whether amphetamines affect growth.