There are currently a variety of diseases that pets get vaccinated for. Councils have been developed to track such things. The AVMA Council of Biologic and Therapeutic Agent’s Report on Cat and Dog Vaccines is one of them. They recommend core vaccinations for dogs to include hepatitis and respiratory diseases like canine adenovirus-2. Also included on their list are distemper, canine parvovirus-2 as well as rabies.
There are other vaccinations that are not “core” vaccinations but are recommended to be vaccinated against as well. They include coronavirus, leptospirosis, and parainfluenza. Bordetella bronchisiptica- a cause of “kennel cough”- and Borrelia (the cause of Lyme disease) are also on the list.
This could be an example of a typical vaccination schedule for your puppy:
Vaccination schedules are dependent upon age.
• The Five Week Parvovirus: recommended for puppies that carry a high risk of being exposed to the parvo virus. Five weeks is often the time that vets set for this vaccination. Always be sure to consult with your veterinarian.
• The Six to Nine Week Combination Vaccinations: this can be given with or without leptospirosis; coronavirus is given where that is known to be a concern.
• The Twelve Week Vaccination: Rabies is given at twelve weeks or older. Age of vaccinations may be dictated by local laws which may vary.
• The Twelve to Sixteen Week Vaccinations are the combination vaccines again. Use Leptospirosis if warranted and the coronavirus vaccine where that is a concern. Lyme disease is vaccinated against where ever that becomes a concern also.
Adult variations of this regiment will be implemented by veterinarians for extended care. There is a Combination vaccine that is five ways. It is formulated to vaccinate against adenovirus cough, distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus and parainfluenza. It is highly recommended to add vaccinations for adenovirus-2, hepatitis and adenovirus cough. Some combinations add leptospirosis and coronavirus to make a Seven Way Combination. Some puppies will require an additional vaccination for parvovirus after they reach fifteen weeks of age. The American Veterinary Medical Association suggests that dogs which are at low risk for disease need not be vaccinated every year for most diseases.
It is important that pet owners understand that recommendations are dependent on many things. These will vary with every pet. Depending on age, health status, breed and exposure potential recommendations will vary. Things like geographical location and whether the dog is used for breeding will affect a recommendation also. Where the pet may travel to is another factor to be considered as well.