People who abuse drugs become fully dependent on it over time and even develop severe withdrawal symptoms and bouts of craving when deprived of it. Historically, addicts have been experiencing difficulties while receiving existing treatments focused on reducing or eliminating substance use.
The drug rehab programs available in the United States are designed to treat the bodily effects of stopping drug use and help individuals break free from the vicious circle of addiction. When a patient seeks treatment through a drug or alcohol rehabilitation program, detoxification is used as a primary approach to help clinicians evaluate the addiction and help the person start the withdrawal process.
What is detoxification?
Detoxification is a process in which patients are encouraged to withdraw from addicting drugs under medically supervised care of a physician. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) defines drug detoxification as the process of removing drugs from the body through medications and managing the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
“Drug detox will last as long as the withdrawal symptoms and for as long as it takes for the patient to stabilize physically and mentally,” states NIDA.
Inpatient detoxification: An overview
According to both the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), long-term detox programs offer an opportunity to patients to break their physical and mental dependence on alcohol or drugs. Studies have shown that good outcomes are possible with adequate treatment length. Hence, patients are often recommended long-term addiction recovery programs that enable them to undergo detox and other physician-assisted procedures, while helping them build strong coping skills.
Moreover, cases of stress and drug craving that often lead to relapse can be easily managed with long-term care as it offers a more comprehensive approach to deal with such issues. For high recovery success rates, a drug rehab program that lasts more than 90 days is considered effective, and studies indicate those who remain in treatment for longer than this three-month period show a relatively fast recovery.
An inpatient detox program constitutes the following steps:
Assessment and testing: This is the first step in which baseline for the treatment is established. Based on physical examination and a variety of psychological interviews, therapists tailor the detox process according to specific drugs.
Medical supervision: In this step, vital signs are monitored and medical supervision is provided to deal with withdrawal symptoms.
Counseling: During counselling, patients are made to understand the changes that they are undergoing during detox process and also taught specific coping mechanism.
Wellness maintenance: In this, addicts receive alternative therapies to boost their mood and establish a foundation for a healthy future.
An inpatient detoxification process also motivates and supports patients to seek formal treatment. During the rehab, patients are offered professionally directed care and treatment, and are encouraged to cope with impairments in their social and occupational lives. Life skills learned at rehab centers allow patients to have a smooth transition to a more independent lifestyle.
It is not easy to fight addiction to a substance, but with proper treatment and care, a person can reclaim his life and live it freely.