Many cat owners have lost a cat because of cat urinary infection. Feline lower urinary tract disorder, formerly known as feline urologic syndrome, is known to affect only less than 3% of the entire population of cats in the whole wide world. This may not be an alarming statistics; however, to those cats which have contracted this disease, this has caused them a major problem. Feline urinary tract infection not only brings along with it a series of cat urinary problems but serious and life-threatening risks as well.
Cat urinary infection could affect both the male and female feline specie but the males are more prone to urinary tract blockage, a disorder which requires immediate treatment as it could take the life of the pet within a span of 72 hours if ignored. On the other hand, female cats are more prone to suffer from feline urinary tract infection because they have a wide urethra, making it easier for bacteria to gain access into the bladder.
There are many factors which could lead to urinary infection. Some of these causes are bacteria, virus, fungi, urinary stones such as struvite and calcium oxalate, and urethral obstruction. These could also be caused by a disease called feline uterine disorder, a condition commonly seen in un-spayed or partially spayed and middle-aged female cats. In some instances, the reason behind a cat's symptoms of urinary infection could not be known despite attempts to determine it. In this case, the veterinarian would diagnose the animal to be suffering from idiopathic feline lower urinary tract disorder (IFLUTD), a term used to point to a condition where symptoms of infection in the urinary can be seen but which cause could not be determined.
Cats with IFLUTD can usually survive longer even without medical intervention. In addition, the symptoms could vanish within a couple of weeks regardless of treatment. Therefore, veterinarians may not be so concerned with felines suffering from IFLUTD. Usually, the veterinarian would only prescribe a special diet which could help prevent the recurrence of the symptoms of IFLUTD.
However, in cases of urinary problems in pets caused by infection, stones, or urethral obstruction, veterinarians usually put the animal under a series of tests to determine the right treatment. Especially for urethral obstruction, the veterinarian would have to perform appropriate medical procedures such as surgery to get rid of the obstruction and save the life of the pet. In case of infection, the veterinarian would likely prescribe antibiotics to help suppress the growth of infection.
Urinary infection in felines can have multiple causes but symptoms are the same in all affected cats. Those with this disease usually strain to urinate, have blood in the urine, have a foul smelling urine, lick their genitals frequently, demonstrate pain while urinating, and produce only small trickles of urine or could not urinate at all. It is imperative that a cat with these symptoms is immediately given medical attention as it may mean life and death for it. Feline urinary infection can be curable but extremely fatal if left untreated. Therefore, cat owners should be wary of the symptoms and be alert to bring their pet to a veterinarian for proper medication.