It is important to know the causes and symptoms of common skin diseases so that you can prevent them and seek the appropriate treatment.
Vitiligo is the skin disease that Michael Jackson was said to suffer from. It is one of those skin disorders that is thought to be caused by an autoimmune process. The symptoms of vitiligo include non-scaly, non-itchy, depigmented patches or white spots on the skin.
Acne vulgaris is one of the commonest skin diseases. It is caused by a combination of several factors such as increased sebum or oil production by the glands in the skin, the presence of a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes, the clogging of the pilosebaceous unit commonly called the skin pore and the resultant inflammation. Symptoms of acne include swellings on the face and other parts of the body with high concentrations of sebaceous or oil glands.
Tinea versicolor or pityriasis versicolor is a fungal skin infection. Symptoms of tinea versicolor include patches of light skin in people with skin of color or patches of pinkish skin that do not tan in those with lighter skin tones.
Hand eczema, which is a type of irritant contact dermatitis, is caused by the toxic effects of substances such as detergents and cement on the skin. Symptoms of hand eczema include an itchy or burning sensation on the skin when it comes in contact with these irritating substances.
Pyogenic granuloma which is also called capillary hemagioma, is a benign skin tumor. Symptoms of pyogenic granuloma include a beefy swelling which arises suddenly, grows rapidly and tends to bleed easily and profusely.
Xanthelasma is another benign skin growth. Symptoms of xanthelasma include a yellowish, painless swelling on the eyelid which progressively gets bigger.
Plantar warts are caused by the human pappiloma virus (HPV). Symptoms of plantar warts include rough swellings on the soles of the feet. These swellings are usually painless but they may become painful if they are on areas that receive a lot of pressure when one is standing or walking.
Traction alopecia is a common cause of hair loss which is caused by hairstyles which exert a lot of tension on the hair shafts. Symptoms of traction alopecia include gradual and painless hair loss usually along the hairline and above the ears.
Onychomycosis is caused by a fungal infection of the nails. Symptoms of onychomycosis include thickening and discoloration of the nail.
Ingrown toenails are caused by the nail plate growing in the wrong direction and cutting into the flesh of the toe. Risk factors that can predispose one to developing ingrown toenails include wearing ill-filling shoes and cutting toe nails too short. Symptoms of ingrown toe nails include swollen and painful toes which may cause difficulties walking.