Sinus infection is the problem that affects the cavities around the nose or inflammation to the sinuses. It is common by the name sinusitis across the world. This infection is spreading very rapidly and millions of people get affected by this every year. It is an infection which is very painful and makes the life of the patient uncomfortable. It is caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses which shows sinus headache symptoms and difficulties in the breathing. The air or mucus gets blocked in the sinuses causing severe pain.
Sinus infections are mostly caused due to the common cold. The other causes are increase in the air pressure, pregnancy which changes the hormones of the females. Asthma and genetic disorders can also cause sinusitis. Even the anatomy of nose and any accident which disturbs the structure of nose can cause this problem.
The symptoms of the sinus infections are severe headaches, swelling around the eyes, loss of smell, pain in the cheeks and blocked nose which ultimately leads to high fever and weakness in the body. Acute sinus can also lead to complications in the brain but this is very rare case. This sinus can only be treated by surgery which will treat the infection forever.
The sinus infections is categorized into three types depending on the duration of the infection: acute which last up to three weeks, chronic lasting up to more than eight weeks and recurring that causes frequent attacks in a period of time. This infection can also be classified as frontal, ethmoid, sphenoid and maxillary sinuses.
If the sinus headache symptoms are seen in a person it is better to consult the doctor to encounter the problem at its initial stage. There are various treatments for the sinus infections including treatment with antibiotics, home remedies and even surgeries. The antibiotics prescribed by the doctor are decongestants, intranasal corticosteroids and mucolytic agents. These antibiotics are not suitable for everyone. It is said that the usage of antibiotics should be minimum as they can cause negative effects like allergies so the best are the home remedies and natural care like consumption of juice of ripe grapes or jalapeno pepper, inhalation of steam and applying of ginger paste for getting cured from this infection. Sinus infections that are not cured through medication, needs surgery. The most common surgery recommended by the doctor is functional endoscopic sinus surgery.Sinus infection is the problem that affects the cavities around the nose. It is caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses which shows sinus headache symptoms. There are various treatments for this infection like treatment with antibiotics, home remedies and even surgeries.