Cold feet is a condition that develops due to poor circulation in feet and toes associated with increased sensitivity to cold. In low temperatures the small arteries supplying the feet narrow down, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to the blood vessels. The decreased circulation of blood in the veins and tightening of the blood vessels in the legs causes the sensations of cold feet. While poor blood circulation usually affects the extremities, it may also affect vital organs, which is extremely dangerous.
The common cause for cold legs and feet is poor circulation. Proper circulation of blood to the legs keeps our feet warm. However, when the feet does not receive enough blood to sustain themselves the feet become cold. While the condition is often temporary, sometimes it is a symptom of medical reasons. Lots of folks aren’t even aware they have these problems until it becomes an issue.
Cold feet occurs most commonly at very cold environmental temperatures, but many people complain of this symptom, even on warmer environments. This could be a sign of a serious medical problem.
What are the risk factors for poor circulation in feet?
Anybody can develop cold feet symptoms. People of all ages could be affected, but those with poor circulation in feet are more susceptible. The following are determining factors which can increase the chances of getting cold feet:
Lack of mobility: An inactive job or a desk job requiring sitting in one posture for more than an hour, like working with a computer or while travelling by train, car or plane could indirectly contribute to getting icy feet. Immobilization leads to poor blood supply and thence icy feet.
Sweating: Constantly sweating can also make feet feel cold, this can often be caused by an anxiety, stress or emotional events.
Diet: A diet with not enough fat can also lead to problems.
The effects of other diseases: Many diseases can cause cold legs and feet.
Occupational risk factors: People who work outdoors and those who engage in outdoor activities are more likely to develop cold feet due to decreased body temperature.
Cigarette smoking: Although smoking does not directly cause cold feet, it can be among the risk factors for developing this symptom. For example, smoking narrows and blocks your blood vessels, reducing blood and oxygen supply to the feet.
Poor feet circulation can strike at anytime. Be physically active if you can. The more you stimulate your body during your routine, the more your blood flow increases throughout the entire body, which helps to keep your feet warm. Being physically active is the most effective way of improving poor circulation in the feet. That’s the key to having warm feet.