Baldness and hair loss is not as common in women as it is in men but certain conditions still result to hair loss in women. Baldness can be extremely depressing for women as society is more tolerant of bald men than bald women.
Changing levels of hormones can result in hair loss which is why women who have just given birth or those who are undergoing menopause sometimes lose excessive amounts of hair. Hormone replacement or estrogen pills are prescribed to menopausal women to stop hair loss and other symptoms of menopause.
Another cause of female baldness is Alopecia Areata, an immune disease that results in a wide range of hair loss from shedding of hair patches to complete baldness. This condition may be treated using different methods depending on the severity of the condition. Some of the treatments for Alopecia include: Minoxidil, glucocorticoids, and anthralin.
Another topical drug that is prescribed to patients is Retin-A, a cream that is used to cure various skin ailments. When used with Minoxidil, Retin-A works as an aid for the better absorption of Minoxidil by the hair follicles. Retin-A also works by preventing Sebum blockages effectively reducing DHT absorption by the hair follicles.
Finasteride is being studied as a possible cure for hair loss in women. The biggest concern is that Finasteride can cause birth defects and therefore may be safe for use only by post-menopausal women.
Sometimes stress or the lack of protein and iron in the diet can result in hair loss. These conditions are not considered as medical problems and can be treated by changing the diet and alleviating the stress of the patient. Women can also take vitamin supplements that contain zinc oxide, calcium and other nutrients that are known to strengthen hair strands and nourish hair follicles. Some women also use medications and scalp treatments that contain tea tree oil and other natural extracts that nourish and keep the scalp healthy.