There are about 25 million people in the United States alone who suffer from migraine. There are many symptoms for this type of headache. Among the most prominent is that the pain is severe, usually located on one side of the head. The pain is described as throbbing, pulsating pain that worsens with normal activity such as working or commuting. In addition, the person suffers from nausea and/or vomiting. There is also a considerable loss of appetite.
One becomes sensitive to light and sound. There are experiences of flashing lights in front of eyes or other vision changes. These are the usual symptoms of this type of headache.
Heredity and food triggers have been generally described as causes of this type of headache. There are many recorded cases where the patients feel that they are getting it because of some history of the disease in their family. The other important thing is food triggers. It is a known fact that there are certain foods that give people allergies. Similarly, there are certain foods that trigger the onset of the headache. Strangely, there is not a certain class of food that can be accused as the cause for the headache. Not all foods belonging to the same class trigger the headache in all people. This varies from one person to the next.
Treatment for this type of headache is widely available, including over-the-counter medicines. Some of the usual things one can do are lie down in a dark room, apply gentle pressure to the head, and avoid light and sounds.
These are the most common steps that one can take in the case of a migraine attack. The best thing, however, would be to consult your doctor if things begin to get out of hand.