Infertility is usually a result of problems that exist within a woman or man’s reproductive system. Thirty-five percent of infertility cases are due to issues within the male’s system and another 35 percent is due to problems relating to the woman’s reproductive system. Twenty percent of the time it is because of both parties involved and the remaining 10 percent of infertility cases are from unknown causes. The cause of infertility in each case can be identified, and sometimes easily fixed depending on the exact cause.
If you live a lifestyle of heavy drinking, drugs or tobacco, this may be a large contribution to the infertility issues you are experiencing. A woman can also be anorexic or take part in starvation diets with a result of infertility problems as well. Other lifestyle habits that can be changed and reversed the infertility issues include reducing the amount of stress in your life-this lowers a man’s sperm count and makes a woman’s menstrual cycle (or period) irregular. For men who wear tight underwear, they should switch to loose underwear and boxer shorts. When underwear is too tight, it causes men to have a low sperm count because of the temperature raised in the crotch area.
When the cause of infertility is as simple as changing a health and lifestyle habit, such as exercising to reduce stress, or avoiding lubricant that may kill sperm, you do not need to consider any of the options for assisted reproductive technology since this will most likely fix the issue. These types of situations make infertility a common problem. Other ways to further increase your chances of getting pregnant is to plan the timing and sexual techniques. After intercourse, place a pillow under the woman’s hips to help the semen reach the cervix and prevent spillage.
Infertility in Women
There are many causes that affect a woman’s ability to have children. Some of these problems include problems that have to do with reproductive organs, some illnesses and hormonal deficiencies. Fertility may also be impaired as a result of complications with certain medication and in surgery.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common condition that causes infertility in women. PID is a pelvic infection or an infection in reproductive organs such as the ovaries, uterus, cervix and fallopian tubes. It can also spread up to the appendix or throughout the entire pelvic area. The bacteria that causes some sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is usually the culprit of PID; these STDs include gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Seventy-five percent of infections in the fallopian tubes are caused by Chlamydia.
In addition to STDs, PID can form from bacteria reaching these organs from sexual intercourse, abortion, hysterectomy, a ruptured appendix, childbirth or an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). Other than causing infertility, PID can lead to blood poisoning, which is a complication which is potentially fatal, and to an ectopic pregnancy.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is another cause of infertility that widely affects women around the world. This is a condition where male hormones, including testosterone, are produced in high amounts by the ovaries. This, in turn, prevents eggs from producing since follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) are abnormally low and the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) are abnormally high. Instead of producing eggs, the follicles form cysts filled with fluid that cover the ovaries over time.
Infertility is not the only result of PCOS; PCOS also increases the risk of heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Some of the symptoms include acne, excessive facial hair, irregular or no periods, unexplained weight gain, thinning hair, high cholesterol or insulin readings and depression.
Other causes of infertility in women include endometriosis, ovary problems, other STDs, hormonal problems, luteal phase defect, immune system problems, surgical complications, fibroids, uterine problems and uterine muscle problems, illness, premature menopause, medications and poor quality cervical mucous.
Infertility in Men
Sperm is the most common infertility issue when it comes to men-either due to low quality sperm or low sperm count. The sperm may be abnormally shaped or may not move in the right direction or rapidly enough due to the low quality. There are conditions that attribute to sperm issues, some of which include swollen veins in the scrotum, infections that include tuberculosis and even gonorrhea, certain medications, under-developed testes, chronic infections in the prostate, exposure to metals, undescended testes and testicles that have been injured.
Autoimmunity is another common cause of infertility in men. This is a condition where the body’s antibodies attack the sperm as if they were toxic invaders. Retrograde ejaculation is another cause, which is when the sperm travels in the opposite direction that it should (towards the bladder). This is usually cause by conditions such as multiple sclerosis or diabetes, injury to the spinal cord, bladder, neck or prostate surgery and drugs such as high blood pressure medicine and tranquilizers.
In fewer cases, male infertility can be caused by painful intercourse, premature ejaculation or impotence. It can also be caused by structural problems or genetic defects or hormonal issues that stop the production of sperm.