Majority of people that have hemorrhoids discover them in many ways. The most common sign that many people notice is blood when they defecate, either in their stool or on the tissue they used to wipe themselves when they pass their stool. Some people may notice or feel a lump near their anus or feel pain when they defecate. Itching and anal discomfort can also occur that people may notice when they sit down for prolonged periods.
If you have noticed any of these signs, then it is possible that you may have hemorrhoids. However, note that these signs and symptoms are also associated with another gastrointestinal disorders such as cancer and infection. It is integral that you immediately go to your physician when you notice any of these signs so that the necessary tests are performed so that a proper diagnosis is made, mainly to rule out more serious ailments, but also to give immediate relief for your condition.
In your examination, doctors generally ask some questions about your symptoms and how long you have observed them. These questions are then followed by a series of physical, noninvasive examinations to decide the cause of your anal bleeding or your pain. This means that no instruments inserted inside you, and that your physician will only see the appearance of your anus. Careful examination of your anal area and your presenting symptoms are generally enough to rule out other diseases that include anal fissures, skin diseases around your anus and infection.
If your hemorrhoids are protruding and located near your anus, then a diagnosis can easily be made through simple observation. Your hemorrhoids can appear as a lump that sticks out of your anus, or is determined by dark pigmentation on the skin surrounding your anal area. Hemorrhoids found in this place are called external hemorrhoids. A tender lump means that your hemorrhoids is bleeding and may be the root of the blood you found on your stools.
If your anus looks normal, then a digital rectal exam is performed. In this test, your doctor gently inserts a lubricated, gloved finger in your anal canal to feel for any swellings or lumps. Hemorrhoids found inside your anal canal are called internal hemorrhoids. However, there are instances where in these hemorrhoids also protrude towards your anus, turning into external hemorrhoids.
Once your doctor determine that you have hemorrhoids, no further tests are needed. Your doctor will only need more tests if you have a severe form of hemorrhoids. For instance, you have many hemorrhoids in your anal canal, or extensive bleeding is present. In these types of hemorrhoids, invasive procedures are required such as anoscopy using an anoscope. An anoscope is similar to a slender telescope that is inserted into your anus to get a clearer view of your anal canal. In severe cases of hemorrhoids, surgery is often required.
If you are diagnosed with hemorrhoids, and your doctor does not need you to undergo any surgical procedure then there is no need to worry. Hemorrhoids are not fatal and eventually resolve on their own. Various home cure for hemorrhoids can help make the healing process easier to bear and simple steps are done to make sure that you will not suffer future cases of hemorrhoids. What is important is that you take immediate action and see your doctor when you notice anything that may hint of an underlying health problem so that a proper diagnosis and treatment are made.