The University Of Maryland School Of Medicine has purported that bacteria can be a contributing factor to those with an obesity predisposition. The human stomach and digestive tract is filled with more than a million bacteria that aid in the breakdown of food and other compounds. The composition of these bacteria along with certain genetic factors can contribute to an individual’s obesity during their lifetime.
Genetics have previously played an important in the struggle with obesity. Sixty four percent of adults in the US are either overweight or obese with 25 million children and teens exhibiting the disease. The discovery of bacterial and genetic interactions causing a predisposition is an intriguing find for medical professionals and researchers. These findings provide additional insight regarding the mechanical and functional application of these biological organisms. This research can effectively alter the way obesity is viewed and help obese individuals with medical treatments in the future.
Obesity is a very debilitating disease that can lead to other severe illnesses ranging from type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular problems, and cancer. As of now, the only treatment for obesity is dieting and exercise. For the majority of those suffering from this disease, the present treatment is effective in inhibiting the early onset of these diseases. However, for those who have a genetic inclination towards obesity, as seen in many families, obesity research can help them understand their situation.
The medical professionals who studied the bacteria in the gut used samples from both obese and healthy individuals from an Amish community in Pennsylvania. This demographic was chosen based on relative homogeny of the group both genetically and environmentally. At first, there was little evidence found regarding the bacteria in the gut and obesity. However, once they contributed certain genetic markers and composition, trends were found in the research.
The genetic factors were located in the receptor genes for taste as well as a less diverse bacterial population in the gut. This contributed to higher instances of obesity during childhood while higher diversity resulted in lower instances of obesity.
Although the research is relatively new, the findings have been extraordinary. As of now, the use of probiotics – which contain high levels of “good” bacteria – or antibiotics could help regulate the way obesity emerges in individuals.
Despite these medical findings, it is still important to have an active lifestyle. This includes eating healthy foods, rich in vitamins and nutrients, while getting the adequate amount of exercise. Obesity may have a predisposition, but this only means that individuals are more inclined to be so rather than an inevitability. Maintaining your health by eating the proper foods in correct portions, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, and going to regular doctor appointments can seriously reduce the occurrence of obesity. Nonetheless, however, these findings are crucial to the understanding of obesity and can help millions gain control of their weight.